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Monitoring

Renal Profile

Introduction Renal profile is a test to assess kidney health. It is useful to measure kidney function. Renal profile gives information on levels of creatinine, sodium, calcium, chloride, blood urea and potassium. Some laboratory calculates glomerular filtration rate too. Kidney plays an important role in maintaining fluid and electrolyte balance. …

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Monitoring For Diabetes Associated Diseases / Problems In Children

Thyroid disease   Illustration 1 : Thyroid gland situated in front of the neck. (source : http://health.allrefer.com/pictures-images/child-thyroid-anatomy.html ) Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an antibody-related (autoimmune) disease. Children with type 1 diabetes mellitus can also develop other autoimmune diseases. One of the most common associated autoimmune conditions is thyroid disease. …

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Lipid Profile

Introduction Lipid profile or lipid panel is a measurement of different types of cholesterol and level of triglyceride in the blood. It is a collective term given to the estimation of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-L), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-L) cholesterol and triglyceride. An extended lipid profile may include very …

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Foot Examination

Introduction Foot examination is part of an integral management of diabetes. Foot problems may develop after more than 10 years of diabetes duration. Diabetes foot ulcers develop secondary to chronic ischaemia (insufficient blood supply to the foot) due to microvascular (small vessels) and macrovascular (large vessels) complications of diabetes (5]. …

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Eye Examination

Introduction  The eye is an important organ that allows vision. Retina is part of the eye that consists of a number of cells and normal vision depends on intact-cell communication among them. Diabetes and chronic exposure to hyperglycaemia (high glucose in the blood) damages all the major retinal cells of …

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