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Utama > Renal (page 3)


Care In Use Of HbA1c In Chronic Kidney Disease

Introduction Keeping track of blood sugar levels is the most important step in knowing whether the patient’s diabetes is under control. HbA1c is one of the tests doctors use to monitor diabetes control. Although HbA1c holds the promise of more efficient patient care and improved management of diabetes, it is …

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Staging Of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is diagnosed when there is either a) 50% loss of normal kidney function which persists for at least 3 months OR b) presence of kidney damage diagnosed by: urine abnormalities or abnormal findings on a kidney biopsy or abnormal radiological abnormalities Kidney function is measured in …

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Diet For Kidney Stone Prevention

Introduction Chemicals in urine can cause the formation of kidney stones. Changes in your diet might help, especially when you know what type of kidney stone you have. The most common types of kidney stones are calcium and oxalate. The other type of kidney stone is uric acid. By knowing …

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Bone Disease & Chronic Kidney Disease

Introduction In February 2002, the National Kidney Foundation published clinical care guidelines for chronic kidney disease (CKD). These guidelines help your doctor determine your stage of kidney disease based on the presence of kidney damage and glomerular filtration rate (GFR), which is a measure of your level of kidney function. …

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